Despite the fact that there is no legal requirement for employers and employees to enter into a written employment contract, the importance of doing so can not be overstated.
As the recent decision of the court in Ostle v Wilson Mining Pty Ltd  FedCFamC2G demonstrates, failure to implement a written contract (or failure to include a specific provision dealing with notice periods for termination of employment) can cause significant issues for employers.
One of the risks of not providing a clear provision which deals with the notice period that must be provided to terminate an employee’s employment, is that a court has an ability to dictate whatever notice period it considers is “reasonable”.
The court only has an ability to consider reasonable notice periods where there is no agreed notice period in place.
If the employee’s employment has already been terminated at the time they bring a claim for “reasonable notice” (which is invariably the case), an employer could be faced with paying out significant additional funds for providing inadequate notice of termination.
In Ostle v Wilson Mining, Mr Ostle was a sales and marketing director who was made redundant after a lengthy period of employment. He had never been given a written contract and the court considered that in facts of his case, 6 months was a reasonable notice period to terminate his employment (the employer had in fact provided 8 weeks notice). There are other decisions where 12 months or more have been awarded.
Minimum notice periods in the Fair Work Act
Section 117 of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) is a frequently misunderstood provision of the Act, which provides for the minimum notice periods that employers must give to terminate employment (ranging from one to five weeks depending on the employees’ service and age).
The Act does not deal with the minimum notice periods to be given by employees and so it is important that employment contracts adequately set out the notice period to be given by an employee. Many modern awards deal with notice periods to be given by employees, so it is important that these are checked, for award-covered employees.
Given that the notice periods in section 117 are expressed as minimum notice periods, it is possible for employers and employees to agree to longer notice periods in an employment contract (which is often done for senior employees).
There have been a number of court cases which have had to grapple between the relationship between the minimum notice periods in section 117 and the concept of “reasonable notice”, as explained further below.
It is well established that in certain circumstances where there is no written agreement between an employer and employee dealing with notice periods, that an employee can be entitled to a “reasonable” notice period, as determined by the court.
Factors such as seniority, length of service and high performance will be factors which a court will regard as persuasive for ordering longer notice periods.
Employers have often sought to argue in disputes over reasonable notice, that given the existence of the statutory notice periods in s.117 of the Fair Work Act, that they should be able to rely on the notice periods set out in the section, rather than having to engage with the concept of a “reasonable” notice period.
In Ostle v Wilson Mining this argument was again made, but, in accordance with recent caselaw on this point, the court confirmed that given the notice periods in s.117 are only expressed as minimum periods, the court was required to consider what was the reasonable notice period to be awarded to Mr Ostle, given that there was no express agreement as to the notice period he was entitled to.
Ultimately the court determined that Mr Ostle should be entitled to 6 months notice given:
- His age (he was 59 years old);
- That he had been employed by the employer for a significant time (approximately 25 years);
- His salary was significant in comparison to other employees of the company;
- His employment was in a narrow area which was not necessarily transferrable to other employment, so he may find it hard to get other work;
- There was no evidence that he had acted other than in the best interests of the company;
- He had a good performance record.
Lessons for employers
We would recommend that:
- All employees are given a written employment contract.
- Take particular care when drafting notice of termination provisions, make it clear the period of notice that is required to be given by both the employer and employee.
- Make sure notice provisions comply with the minimum requirements in s.117 of the Fair Work Act and any applicable modern award (noting that some awards provide for longer minimum notice periods than the Fair Work Act).
Need further help?
If you need further help on any of the matters raised in this article please contact EI Legal.